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适应需求的孔子学院特色发展战略

中英对照版 2018年第1期 2018-05-11

2017年12月13日,第十二届孔子学院大会举办题为“适应需求的孔子学院特色发展战略” 的校长论坛,来自英国、美国等8个国家的13名大学校长、孔子学院理事参加论坛并发言,就如何充分发挥孔子学院自身特色,适应当地学习需求等内容介绍了各自的经验和做法。现场300余名代表进行了互动提问,气氛热烈。

各位发言人一致认为,孔子学院只有立足自身特色,灵活洞察需求,主动适应需求,积极创造需求,才能实现可持续的特色发展。

一、灵活洞察需求

英国奥斯特大学校长、奥斯特大学孔子学院理事长Patrick Nixon表示,在经济全球一体化的大背景下,国际政府间和民间在教育、商务和文化等领域的交往需求必然激增,孔子学院应当顺势而为,敏锐地捕捉这些需求;中国西南大学副校长靳玉乐表示,目前“一带一路”沿线国家积极响应这一倡议,泰国孔敬大学孔子学院及时发现当地在铁路人才培养方面的新兴需求,首创“汉语+高铁”人才培养模式,现已培养两届65名复合型技术人才,奉献中泰高铁事业;利比里亚大学副校长 Geegbae Athanasius Geegbae表示,随着中国支援利比里亚国内建设的深入,利比里亚各行业需要大量懂汉语、了解中国的人才协助双边合作,利比里亚大学孔子学院抓住这一机遇,主动发现行业内的需求,为当地社会培养可用之才。

二、主动适应需求

加拿大新布伦瑞克省教育厅助理副厅长Chris Treadwell表示,新布伦瑞克省紧紧把握住自身在中小学教育方面的资源优势,与教育厅紧密合作,主动适应辖区内多所中小学的汉语学习需求;美国佐治亚州立大学副教务长Wolfgang Schloer表示,大学在2015-2016年经历了三校大合并,校区增加了5个,学生总数和汉语学习需求几乎在一夜之间暴增。面对这一情况,孔院积极调配教学资源,合理安排学分、非学分课教学计划,尽可能地组织适应学员需求的各类文化活动,顺利完成了这一过渡;泰国海上丝路孔子学院理事会主席赵昆通猜表示,孔子学院会同中外方院校加入了“一带一路本土汉语师资和汉语+职业技能复合型人才培养院校联盟”,为当地职业技术学校学生、高新工业园区职工、公检法领域官员等提供“汉语+技能”的培训服务,助力“一带一路”倡议落地生根;英国伦敦大学学院(UCL)助理副校长杜可歆表示,孔子学院坚持以中小学汉语教学为核心,主动适应内外需求,做好本土和汉办教师的培训工作,不断提升课堂教学质量;同时,满足英格兰政府需求,承担政府项目“汉语培优计划”,在2020年前培养5000名熟练掌握汉语的中学生;巴巴多斯西印度大学凯夫希尔分校校长Violet Eudine Barriteau表示,孔子学院配合大学和当地政府的发展战略,积极响应当地需求,为中小学开设无缝衔接的汉语课程,同时为具有多元文化的西印度大学师生开设汉语课程,协力将大学建成世界一流大学,以教育为基础推动加勒比地区发展。

三、积极创造需求

菲律宾亚典耀大学副校长Maria Luz Casas Vilches表示,菲律宾与中国交往历史悠久,民众普遍对中国文化有浓厚的兴趣,孔院抓住这一特点,在商场、博物馆等人流集中的公共场所举办中国文化特色活动,成功吸引了更多的学员进入孔院学习,挖掘了潜在的需求;中国上海中医药大学副校长胡鸿毅表示,美国奥古斯塔大学孔子学院开设了经大学系统批准的首个公立大学中医证书课程,举办了多场中医药研习班和中医文化高端学术讲座,成功吸引了越来越多的学员学习汉语和中医,并赴上海中医药大学进行深造;美国纽约州立大学宾汉顿分校校长Havey Stenger表示,孔子学院以中国传统戏曲为特色,为在校学生开设京剧和中国传统乐器学分课,每年组织数十场全美巡演,主动挖掘当地人民对了解中国传统文化的需求,从而提升对学习汉语和了解中国的兴趣;美国南卡罗来纳大学副校长Mary Anne Fizpatrick表示,孔子学院既是美国人了解中国的平台,也是中国人了解美国的平台,南卡罗来纳大学孔子学院发挥其优势,协助当地政府进一步开发旅游业,吸引更多中国游客走进并了解南卡罗来纳州;中国同济大学副校长江波表示,孔子学院应主动出击,挖掘中外大学合作的需求,拒绝成为大学间交流的孤岛,而是作为纽带、窗口和平台,加强并促进中外大学间全方位、战略性的合作。

The development strategy of Confucius institutes with adaptive requirements

Chinese-English No.1 2018 2018-05-11

12th Confucius Institute Conference held the Presidents’ Forum III entitled “Confucius Institutes’ Demand-oriented Development Strategies”. 13 university presidents and directors of the Confucius Institutes in 8 countries including the UK, the US attended and addressed the forum and introduced their own experience and practices on how to give full play to the unique features of Confucius Institutes and adjust to local study demands. More than 300 participants interacted and raised questions in a warm atmosphere. All speakers agreed that only when a Confucius Institute bases itself on its own characteristics, builds insights flexibly, takes the initiative to adjust to demands and creates demands, can sustainable and distinctive development be achieved.

I. Build Insight into Demand Flexibly

Patrick Nixon, President of the University of Ulster and Director of the Confucius Institute at the University of Ulster, noted that in the context of economic globalization, the demand for exchanges and communications in fields of education, commerce and culture between governments and between people will soar. As a result, Confucius Institutes should go with the tide and accurately capture these demands.

Jin Yule, Vice President of Southwest University, said that at the moment, countries along the routes of the “Belt and Road” are actively responding to the Initiative. Quickly identifying the new demand for railway technicians, KhonKaen University in Thailand has taken the lead to set up a “Chinese language plus high-speed train” talent-training model and has provided 65 technical professionals of multiple skills for two years, making great contributions to the high-speed rail development in both China and Thailand.

Geegbae Athanasius Geegbae, Vice President of the University in Liberia, pointed out that with the deepening of China’s support to Liberia’s development, there is huge demand for people who can speak Chinese and understand China in various professions to support bilateral cooperation in Libya. The Confucius Institute at the University of Liberia will seize this opportunity and proactively identify industry needs to cultivate talents for the local society.

II. Take Initiative to Meet Demand

Chris Treadwell, Assistant Deputy Minister at the Department of Education of New Brunswick of Canada noted that by fully utilizing its own resource advantages in primary and secondary education and working closely with the Department of Education, the Province of New Brunswick has taken the initiative to meet the Chinese-learning demand of many primary and secondary schools in its jurisdiction.

Wolfgang Schloer, Associate Provost of Georgia State University in the US stated that Georgia State University witnessed a merger of three universities in the year 2015 and 2016, the result of which left the university with 5 more campuses, an overnight increase in the total number of students and a surge of Chinese learning needs. Faced with this situation, the Confucius Institute actively allocated teaching resources, reasonably adjusted teaching plans for credit and non-credit courses, and did all it can to organize cultural activities that meet student needs, which resulted in a smooth transition.

Phraprommangkalachan, Chairman of the Maritime Silk Road Confucius Institute Board of Directors said that the Confucius Institute, together with its Chinese and foreign partners, has joined the “alliance of universities on the cultivation of ‘Belt and Road’ local Chinese language teachers and ‘Chinese plus professional skills’ comprehensive talents”, and has provided training services for local vocational and technical school students, high-tech industrial park employees and officials in the field of public security in order to put the Belt and Road Initiative into practice.

Katharine Carruthers, Pro-Vice-Provost for University College London (UCL) noted that by insisting on the Chinese teaching in primary and secondary schools and by taking the initiative to adapt to internal and external needs, the Confucius Institute has done a good job in training local and Hanban teachers and in continuously improving classroom teaching quality; meanwhile, in response to England’s government request, it has undertaken the government project of “Chinese Training Program”, aiming to cultivate 5000 students with excellent Chinese proficiency by 2020.

Violet Eudine Barriteau, President of Cave Hill Campus of the University of the West Indies in Barbados said that in support of the development strategy of the university and the local government, the Confucius Institute has responded positively to local needs by opening seamless Chinese courses for primary and secondary schools and has also held Chinese courses for teachers and students of the multicultural West Indies, so as to jointly build the university a world top university and promote the development of the Caribbean region based on education.

III. Actively Create Demand

Maria Luz Casas Vilches, Vice president of Philippines Ateneo de Manila University said that the Philippines and China enjoy a time-honored history of exchanges and Filipinos generally are strongly interested in Chinese culture. Aware of this, the Confucius Institute has held different events featuring a distinctive Chinese culture in public places with huge traffic including shopping malls and museums, which have successfully attracted more students to study at the Confucius Institute and stimulated the potential demand.

Hu Hongyi, Vice President of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine said that Augusta University Confucius Institute is the first of its kind approved by the university system to offer a certificate course on traditional Chinese medicine. The Confucius Institute has held a dozen seminars on traditional Chinese medicine and high-level academic lectures on Chinese medicine culture, successfully attracting more and more students to study Chinese and traditional Chinese medicine, and to continue their studies at Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Havey Stenger, President of the State University of New York at Binghamton noted that featuring Chinese traditional opera, the Confucius Institute has offered credit courses on Peking Opera and Chinese traditional musical instruments for students, and has held dozens of national tours each year by actively stimulate local people’s demand to understand Chinese traditional culture, so as to increase their interest in learning Chinese and understand China.

Mary Anne Fizpatrick, Vice President of the University of South Carolina said that Confucius Institutes are a platform for American people to understand China, as well as one for Chinese to understand the US. Giving play to its advantages, the Confucius Institute at the  University of South Carolina has assisted the local government to further develop the tourism industry, attracting more Chinese tourists to come to and learn about South Carolina;

Jiang Bo, Vice President of Tongji University said that Confucius Institutes should be proactive to explore cooperation demand between Chinese and foreign universities. Instead of becoming an isolated island, Confucius Institutes should act as a bridge, a window and a platform for communication, to strengthen and promote comprehensive and strategic cooperation between Chinese and foreign universities.

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